Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams

Southwest_Native_American_Indian_Watercolor_by_Arizona_Artist_Jean_Ekman_Adams_01_kzjq
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams

Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams
Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams. Please note that this is signed on the back inscribed to “The Borns Welcome to Arizona” followed by her signature. The frame has nicks and scratched, matting has some light marks, print looks to be in good condition though it has not been examined under frame. Measures 20×17.5 inches with frame. Inside matting measures: 12.75×10.75 inches. Please do reach out with any questions. If you are unsatisfied with your order, please contact me and I will do my best to work with you to resolve the issue. A mutual respect for each other will go a long way and I promise to be honest and fair and make it right if I have made a mistake. Please enlarge all pictures for best description of item. If it is not pictured, it is not included. Please do not assume. Although I research the items I list and try my best to create a concise clear listings, I may miss something or make a mistake. I make my best attempt to answer all questions promptly and honestly. Please understand that unless the item is marked brand new, it has been used and will show signs of this. This could include minor scuffing, tiny nicks, minor-moderate signs of wear, minor paint loss etc. Any obvious flaws are listed under flaws, but minor flaws may not be noted. Even with brand new, vintage items, there may be flaws. If condition is very important to you, please reach out and I would be happy to take a closer look. My condition assessment criteria may be different than yours. The history of most of the items I sell are unknown. If I have any history, I will try to note it. If I can smell smoke, I will make it very clear that it has a smoke odor. Please note that items may have an odor of some kind like storage, light perfume, smoke I truly can’t detect, etc. And I may not disclose this under item notes. My home is pet friendly and a few stray hairs may find their way on to your item. I do a general wipe down of all items; however, most times a deeper cleaning may be needed. I have paid for this item to be fully insured in case of loss or damage. I will ensure that I work through the claim quickly, provide updates and will always make it right. This item is in the category “Art\Art Prints”. The seller is “author07″ and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, South Africa, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Republic of Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Montserrat, Turks and Caicos Islands, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Egypt, French Guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Liechtenstein, Sri Lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macau, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion.
  • Artist: Jean Ekman Adams
  • Type: Print
  • Year of Production: 1995
  • Size: Medium
  • Item Height: 17.5\
  • Theme: Americana
  • Style: Illustration Art, children’s, colorful, southwest landscape, mountains
  • Features: Framed
  • Region of Origin: Arizona, USA
  • Subject: navajo, Native Americans
  • Item Width: 20\
  • Time Period Produced: 1990-1999

Southwest Native American Indian Watercolor by Arizona Artist Jean Ekman Adams

Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman

Vintage_Folk_Art_Carved_Wood_Indian_Figure_Warpaint_Native_American_RE_Bachman_01_de
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman

Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman
Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman. Please Be sure to see the Larger Size photos, directly below the Description. Vintage, Indian in Warpaint Hand Carved Wood Native American Figure. Folk Art Wood, Carved & Handpainted Figure. 8 tall (including Feather) Indian Brave, Native American Figure in warpaint with a (real) Feather Headress & holding a Tomahawk. Also Hand Painted by artist By Lancaster County, PA. Bachman Unique & one of a kind Carving! Very detailed, well done Character. He carved beautiful, whimsical carvings of pirates, boat captains, drunks, hunters, sports figures, old men, old women, animals, cartoon characters and many more! He was a practiced hand and was very detail oriented. All figures were hand painted by the artist too. All his axes, guns, balls, swords, stools, benches etc. Are also all hand carved. If you need any other info/details, or would like to see additional Pic. If you are unsure about fit (measurements), or description of an item.. Get Supersized Images & Free Image Hosting. Create your brand with Auctiva’s. Attention Sellers – Get Templates Image Hosting, Scheduling at Auctiva. Com. Track Page Views With. Auctiva’s FREE Counter. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Decorative Collectibles\Sculptures & Figurines”. The seller is “acevintagerevivalco” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Artist: R.E. Bachman
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States
  • Era: Late 20th Century (1970-1999)
  • Features: Carvings, Hand Painted, Wooden Base
  • Handmade: Yes
  • Item Height: 10 in
  • Material: Wood
  • Style: Folk Art
  • Time Period Manufactured: 1990-1999
  • Type: Figurine

Vintage Folk Art Carved Wood Indian Figure Warpaint Native American RE Bachman

Native American Indian Bear Dance, Tattoos, War Paint Large 1870s Antique Print

Native_American_Indian_Bear_Dance_Tattoos_War_Paint_Large_1870s_Antique_Print_01_dmgc
Native American Indian Bear Dance, Tattoos, War Paint Large 1870s Antique Print
Native American Indian Bear Dance, Tattoos, War Paint Large 1870s Antique Print
Native American Indian Bear Dance, Tattoos, War Paint Large 1870s Antique Print
Native American Indian Bear Dance, Tattoos, War Paint Large 1870s Antique Print

Native American Indian Bear Dance, Tattoos, War Paint Large 1870s Antique Print
It depicts over a dozen Native Americans performing an Indian Bear Dance. Some wear bearskins, including the bear head over their own. The others are heavily painted or tattooed with beautiful concentric circle designs. It is very large (folio size), measuring approximately 10.5 x 14.5 inches (26.5 x 36.5 cm). The picture fills most of the page, with a French caption below. The backside has a long article (in french) that describes the scene, along with some unrelated text. The caption reads: La danse de l’ours which roughly translates to: The Dance of Bears The page is in excellent condition for its age. There is text/photos on the back of the print. See scan for an accurate view of the condition. This print will come with a Certificate of Authenticity. Powered by SixBit’s eCommerce Solution. This item is in the category “Art\Art Prints”. The seller is “xajagirl” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Type: Print
  • Subject: History
  • Year of Production: 1870s
  • Date of Creation: 1800-1899
  • Listed By: Dealer or Reseller

Native American Indian Bear Dance, Tattoos, War Paint Large 1870s Antique Print

Indian Utensils and Arms 30×44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art

Indian_Utensils_and_Arms_30x44_Karl_Bodmer_Native_American_Indian_Art_01_dst
Indian Utensils and Arms 30x44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art

Indian Utensils and Arms 30x44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art
Indian Utensils and Arms. “Indian Utensils and Arms” Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art print. Limited to 100 prints, each print is hand numbered. The image is printed on mould-made, 100% cotton rag watercolor paper imported from France. The image size is 31×25 inches. The paper size is 44×30 inches. The image is printed using specially engineered ink technology for optimum image quality and over 100 years of lightfastness. Guaranteed to be new and in mint condition. Johann Carl Bodmer (11 February 1809 – 30 October 1893) was a printmaker, etcher, lithographer, zinc engraver, draftsman, painter, illustrator and hunter. Known as Karl Bodmer in literature and paintings, as a Swiss and French citizen his name has been listed as Johann Karl Bodmer and Jean-Charles Bodmer respectively. After 1843, likely as a result of his son Charles-Henry Barbizon, he began to sign his works K Bodmer. Karl Bodmer was well known in Germany for his watercolors, drawings and aquatints of cities and landscapes of the Rhine, Mosel and Lahn rivers. As a member of the Barbizon School – a French landscape painting group from the mid-19th century, he created many oil paintings with animal motifs as well as wood engravings, drawings, and book illustrations. Best known in the United States as a painter who captured the American West of the 19th century with extremely accurate depictions of its inhabitants. He accompanied German explorer Prince Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied from 1832 through 1834 on his Missouri River expedition. He was hired as an artist by Maximilian with the specific intent of traveling through the American West and recording images of cities, rivers, towns and people they saw along the way, including many images of Native Americans along the Missouri and that region. Bodmer was made a Knight in the French Legion of Honour in 1877. Many of Bodmer’s work was chronicled in Prince Maximilian’s book entitled Maximilian Prince of Wied’s Travels in the Interior of North America. Look and see what other collectors have said! The art print came today and it looks great. We’re building a new house and this will look great. The Print arrived today, and I must say that it is even more beautiful than I had imagined. I know I will enjoy it for a long time. So pleased to be purchasing this art print of yours. It is beautiful and will, I’m sure, look stunning in the home we will soon be building in the city. Hi, I received my print and I love it! It will have a place of honor in our home. Thanks for the prompt service. It is absolutely beautiful. I can’t wait to get it up on my wall soon. Thank you so much, not only for the lovely print, but for packing it so well. I just wanted to drop you a line and tell you how nice the picture is. In fact, much nicer in person than I thought. I can hardly wait to get it framed. Just a brief note to tell you how much I love my print. Notify me if you have any other prints available….. I have received your lovely print. It will be a beautiful addition to my home. It will look great hanging with my other prints. I received the print on Tuesday. Thanks for the fast turnaround!!! Most collectors like to get their own frames. (Guarantee) Everything is guaranteed. Check out my feedback Profile! Thank you for your business. This item is in the category “Art\Art Prints”. The seller is “isellart” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Style: Art Deco
  • Date of Creation: 2000-Now
  • Edition Size: 100
  • Listed By: Dealer or Reseller
  • Original/Reproduction: Original Print
  • Print Type: Giclee & Iris Print
  • Signed: Signed
  • Edition Type: Limited Edition
  • Features: Limited Edition, Numbered
  • Material: Matte Paper
  • Production Technique: Giclee & Iris Print
  • Type: Print

Indian Utensils and Arms 30x44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art

Two Ravens 30×44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art

Two_Ravens_30x44_Karl_Bodmer_Native_American_Indian_Art_01_jpu
Two Ravens 30x44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art

Two Ravens 30x44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art
“Two Ravens” Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art print. Limited to 100 prints, each print is hand numbered. The image is printed on mould-made, 100% cotton rag watercolor paper imported from France. The image size is 36×26 inches. The paper size is 44×30 inches. The image is printed using specially engineered ink technology for optimum image quality and over 100 years of lightfastness. Guaranteed to be new and in mint condition. Johann Carl Bodmer (11 February 1809 – 30 October 1893) was a printmaker, etcher, lithographer, zinc engraver, draftsman, painter, illustrator and hunter. Known as Karl Bodmer in literature and paintings, as a Swiss and French citizen his name has been listed as Johann Karl Bodmer and Jean-Charles Bodmer respectively. After 1843, likely as a result of his son Charles-Henry Barbizon, he began to sign his works K Bodmer. Karl Bodmer was well known in Germany for his watercolors, drawings and aquatints of cities and landscapes of the Rhine, Mosel and Lahn rivers. As a member of the Barbizon School – a French landscape painting group from the mid-19th century, he created many oil paintings with animal motifs as well as wood engravings, drawings, and book illustrations. Best known in the United States as a painter who captured the American West of the 19th century with extremely accurate depictions of its inhabitants. He accompanied German explorer Prince Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied from 1832 through 1834 on his Missouri River expedition. He was hired as an artist by Maximilian with the specific intent of traveling through the American West and recording images of cities, rivers, towns and people they saw along the way, including many images of Native Americans along the Missouri and that region. Bodmer was made a Knight in the French Legion of Honour in 1877. Many of Bodmer’s work was chronicled in Prince Maximilian’s book entitled Maximilian Prince of Wied’s Travels in the Interior of North America. Look and see what other collectors have said! The art print came today and it looks great. We’re building a new house and this will look great. The Print arrived today, and I must say that it is even more beautiful than I had imagined. I know I will enjoy it for a long time. So pleased to be purchasing this art print of yours. It is beautiful and will, I’m sure, look stunning in the home we will soon be building in the city. Hi, I received my print and I love it! It will have a place of honor in our home. Thanks for the prompt service. It is absolutely beautiful. I can’t wait to get it up on my wall soon. Thank you so much, not only for the lovely print, but for packing it so well. I just wanted to drop you a line and tell you how nice the picture is. In fact, much nicer in person than I thought. I can hardly wait to get it framed. Just a brief note to tell you how much I love my print. Notify me if you have any other prints available….. I have received your lovely print. It will be a beautiful addition to my home. It will look great hanging with my other prints. I received the print on Tuesday. Thanks for the fast turnaround!!! Most collectors like to get their own frames. (Guarantee) Everything is guaranteed. Check out my feedback Profile! Thank you for your business. This item is in the category “Art\Art Prints”. The seller is “isellart” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Style: Art Deco
  • Date of Creation: 2000-Now
  • Edition Size: 100
  • Listed By: Dealer or Reseller
  • Original/Reproduction: Original Print
  • Print Type: Giclee & Iris Print
  • Signed: Signed
  • Edition Type: Limited Edition
  • Features: Limited Edition, Numbered
  • Material: Matte Paper
  • Production Technique: Giclee & Iris Print
  • Type: Print

Two Ravens 30x44 Karl Bodmer Native American Indian Art

Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot

Hand_carved_Cigar_Shop_Indian_Chief_Countertop_display_Native_American_Mascot_01_rzqe
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot

Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot
Vintage Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display native American. Brought back from Las Vegas in the 1970s. Very rare to find. Beautifully hand carved detail. Would look great in a vape shop or tattoo parlor. This item is in the category “Collectables\Tobacciana & Smoking Supplies\Tobacco Advertising Items”. The seller is “sgil8112″ and is located in this country: GB. This item can be shipped to United Kingdom.
  • Design: Cigar shop Indian
  • Sub-Type: 1950s
  • Brand: Unbranded
  • Type: Tobacco Advertising
  • Material: Wood
  • Modified Item: No

Hand carved Cigar Shop Indian Chief. Countertop display Native American Mascot

1900/72 Vintage Matted EDWARD CURTIS Native American Indian KWAKIUTL 14X11

1900_72_Vintage_Matted_EDWARD_CURTIS_Native_American_Indian_KWAKIUTL_14X11_01_jche
1900/72 Vintage Matted EDWARD CURTIS Native American Indian KWAKIUTL 14X11

1900/72 Vintage Matted EDWARD CURTIS Native American Indian KWAKIUTL 14X11
“Kwakiutl, Kosimo House – Post”. Date Of Negative: circa 1900. Date Of Print: 1972. Type Of Print: Original. Photo Engraving Made from the Original Photogravure of EDWARD S. Paper: Medium weight – Satin finish. Approx Image Size Inches: 8.5 x 3.5 inches. Approx Image Size Metric: 21 x 9 centimetres. Mounted: Yes, Professionally dry mounted on Archival Presentation Mount Board. Mount Board Size: 14″ x 11″ inches. Matted: Yes, White 14″ x 11″ inches, Museum Grade acid-free sturdy 4ply Mat. Condition Grade: Extra Fine ++. Registered Vintage Photogravure Archive Serial Number: Yes. Tamper Proof Hologram: Yes. Certificate Of Authenticity (COA): Yes – individual hand signed COA from Vintage Photogravure. VINTAGE PHOTOGRAVURE is pleased to offer an original (NOT a computer scanned reprint), authentic 1972 photo engraving. This wonderful comes already Mounted and Matted and will frame and display beautifully! Our Mounts and Mats are the highest quality acid-free sturdy 4ply Museum Grade, board. This Print is guaranteed to be Original and comes with a hand-signed CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY (COA) and its accompanying Tamper-Proof Hologram. It comes with a unique registered serial number from the Vintage Photogravure Archive & Database. The watermarked word “Vintage Photogravure” does not appear on the actual print itself. And browse our World-Class Collection of authentic Vintage Photogravure prints. Check our other products. 1984 BRUCE WEBER Vintage Photo Gravure print 16X20 Football Andrew & John Kenner. 1983 Bruce Weber Male Semi Nude Fencing Matted 20″ x 16″ Photo Gravure Print. 1985 BRUCE WEBER Vintage Photo Gravure Print 16X20 Male Semi Nude Model Art. Edward Sheriff Curtis was born in 1868 near Whitewater Wisconsin, to the Reverend Asahel &#####x201C;Johnston&#####x201D; Curtis. Curtis was an early enthusiast of the new field of photography, building his own camera at 16 years of age. He then became an apprentice photographer at the age of 17, in St Paul Minnesota. He set up a studio in partnership with Thomas Guptill in 1887, after the family moved to Seattle, as photographers and photo engravers. His big break came in 1906 when J. Morgan, the wealthy banker, commissioned Curtis to create a series of photographs of the Native Americans. The project lasted more than 20 years, resulting in 20 volumes of more than 2000 photographs in each volume. Finally, over 200 sets of photographs were published. Curtis also recorded over 10000 wax cylinder recordings of Native American language and music during the same period, as his goal was to preserve this vanishing lifestyle of one of the &#####x201C;great races of mankind&#####x201D. His documentary work is, in many cases, the only written record of the over 80 individual tribes he visited. He even made a film, called rather dramatically &#####x201C;In the land of the headhunters&#####x201D;, which was first shown in 1914, simultaneously in New York and Seattle. It was a critical success, but a commercial failure. Although praised by critics it was largely a work of imagination, and by ethnographical standards overdramatized, to appeal to the public at large. His work is highly collectible and can be found in museums and important collections around the world. This photogravure is guaranteed to be authentic and comes with a hand-signed Certificate Of Authenticity. Each COA, with its unique individual, registered serial number from the Vintage Photogravure Archive & Database, has a corresponding numbered, Tamper Proof, Hologram attached to the back of the Archival acid-free backing board your print is mounted on. This is an original vintage print from the last Century, not a modern reprint. It has been professionally dry mounted on a museum grade mat board and is ready for fitting into a standard size frame. Our client’s peace of mind is our number one concern and this is what has inspired our unique tamper-proof holographic COA system. Here at vintage photogravure as we feel that having a certificate of authenticity with each professionally mounted and matted print adds extra value for the future, as it provides provenance and a record of the guaranteed authenticity of each individual print. We guarantee the authenticity of all our prints with a unique serial number printed on a Certificate of Authenticity (COA for short). In addition, we put the same serial number on a tamper-proof holographic seal, on the back of the museum-quality mount board on which the print has been professionally dry mounted. The COA certificate of authenticity which comes with your vintage artwork should be kept with the print or otherwise kept in a safe place as for security reasons we cannot issue duplicates. We use custom-made rigid foam core protection for all our fully matted prints, that after having been professionally dry mounted on acid-free backing boards, are protected by individual ultra clear print protectors. Finally, the entire construction is further protected by a waterproof postal sack. Here at Vintage Photogravure, we stock only the finest vintage photogravures and antique prints. All our prints are professionally mounted 4ply Museum Grade, acid-free mount board. This watermark word does not appear on the original vintage print itself. Please refer to the. You are covered by the. If you receive an item that is not as described in the listing. The first photogravures were developed in France by someone with a most unusual name, Nic&#######xE9;phore Ni&#######xE9;pce. The word photogravure itself is indeed a French word. In England, the process was further developed by Henry Fox Talbot. Both of these men were pioneers in the field of photography in general and the photogravure process came about as simply a way to make photographs permanent. It was also a way to reproduce them by printing them on paper using traditional printing presses of the day. The final version of the process, still used today, was developed by the Czech painter Carol Klic in 1878, who modified Talbot’s process to create the Talbot-Klic process. A photogravure is unique in its ability to register a wide variety of rich deep tones, as the amount of ink transferred from the plate to the print is significantly greater than with today’s more commonly used lithographic processes. Photogravure creates its wide range of tones by transferring etching ink from an etched copper plate onto special paper which is first made slightly damp. It is then put through a press that forces the ink out of the recesses in the plate and onto the paper. The depth of the individual ink “wells” is many times greater in the shadow areas of the image than the paler tones. This is quite unlike the halftone process where the size of the dot is varied to create different tones. The art of photogravure was brought to a very high standard by Peter Henry Emerson and Alfred Stieglitz, in his photography magazine &#####x201C;CAMERA&#####x201D. Some photographers featured in this publication, such as Alvin Langdon Coburn, even saw their photographic work as essentially &#####x201C;Gravure&#####x201D; before anything else. The Photogravure process was eventually replaced by the convenience of the silver gelatin process, and the last notable use of the process was in America by the photographer of the indigenous people of that continent, Edward S Curtis, with his amazing set of Gravures from the 1920s. Photogravure did continue, however, in a limited way, primarily as a fine art process. A notable major portfolio was that of Paul Strand, with his photographs from Mexico from 1940. This portfolio was re-issued by the Da Capo press in 1967. The art form continued, primarily in Europe, with publications such as &#####x201C;APERTURE&#####x201D. I’m pleased to say that today the process of photogravure is still alive and well in a number of photographic workshops around the globe. The Technique in Theory. To get an idea of the basic principles involved in the Photographic process I invite you to imagine, if you will, a shiny polished copper plate 8 inches by 10 inches in size. Now take an imaginary sharp object, such as a penknife, and scratch your initials twice. Once lightly and then a second time more deeply, into the copper plate. We use copper because it is a relatively soft metal. Now dip a handkerchief in a little black ink and rub some ink into the scratches you have made. Take a clean piece of cotton cloth, and wipe the surface of the plate clean. Try as you might the ink stays put in the scratches. Now to print your initials, we take a dampened piece of specially made paper and run it through a printing press with a heavy steel roller, which presses the paper into the groove of the scratched initials. As you have wiped the rest of the plate clean only your initials will be printed. The deeply scratched initials will hold more black ink, and so print darker. Now imagine that instead of scratching or engraving your initials directly into the copper plate, you first applied a film of acid-resistant material to your copper plate, such as colored varnish. After letting it dry, imagine you scratch your initials into this film of colored varnish rather than the underlying copper plate. First, scratch your initials lightly, then a second time a little more heavily, but only into the film, not the copperplate itself. Now place the copper plate in an imaginary tray full of diluted acid, for say 20 minutes, then remove the plate and dissolve off the protective varnish film. Now you have a plate with your initials carved into it by the action of the acid on the copper plate. Then you remove the protective varnish film, and this acid-etched groove will hold ink even after you clean the surface of the copper plate. The Photographic Element of the Process. If we use a light-sensitive, acid-resisting gelatin coating on our copper plate, we can expose it to a hardening dose of UV rays through an 8 by 10 piece of film with an image on it. Where the light passes through the film containing the image, it hardens the UV sensitive gelatin coating. Where the gelatin has been hardened by the UV light, it will stick to the copper plate and not be washed off, and so protect the smooth surface of the copper plate when it is immersed in the acid bath. By contrast, the areas which have not been hardened will wash off, allowing the acid to etch into the plate, creating small pockets where the ink can hide, until forced out into the paper surface by the steel roller of the etching press. By using a special Photogravure screen in combination with the transparent image, we can create more depth in the darks and more subtlety in the mid-tones. This special photogravure screen is sandwiched with a transparent film containing the image to be reproduced. It is then exposed to the hardening effect of the UV light. It is even possible to simply leave this photographic sandwich out in the sun too harden the acid-resistant gelatin film. When printing in a dark room using the modern silver gelatin process, the photographic image is projected using a &#####x201C;negative&#####x201D; of the image. The light passing through the transparent areas of this negative will activate the silver halide crystals in the gelatin film on the photographic paper, and turn them dark. With the photogravure process, however, we must replace the &#####x201C;negative&#####x201D; with a &#####x201C;positive&#####x201D;, as the dark part of the final image requires the UV sensitive gelatin film to not receive light. This is so that the gelatin coating in the dark parts of the image will not be hardened by the UV rays, and so wash off afterward. This allows the acid to eat into the plate in these areas and so the plate will hold the black ink for printing the darks. This is why we use a &#####x201C;positive&#####x201D; made by contact printing from the original negative. If you look at the surface of a photograph of a photogravure print through a magnifying glass, you will see the texture of the fine photogravure screen used to enhance the printing process. The Photogravure Technique in Practice. There are many stages in the creation of photographic plates before printing can begin. First of all, a continuous film positive is created using the photographer’s original negative. The reason for this is you will already know from the explanation above. The negative can be enlarged to create a much bigger printable positive, just as in the modern silver gelatin printing process. The sheet of positive film is then developed to produce a wide range of continuous tones. A sheet of pigmented gelatin tissue is sensitized by dipping it into a solution of potassium dichromate at 3.5% concentration for 3 minutes. It must then be dried on a plexiglass/perspex/acrylic sheet before we can progress to stage 3. Normally the sheet of pigmented gelatin will be ready one day later. After making a sandwich of the continuous tone positive on top of the pigmented gelatin sheet, it is exposed to ultraviolet light. A second exposure is then made to a fine stochastic or Mezzotint screen. Another possibility at this stage is to coat the copper plate with a fine dusting of rosin, as used in the aquatint etching process, which is then fixed onto the copper plate by heating it until it melts. This provides a random grain resist. The exposure to the ultraviolet light through the continuous tone positive and the Mezzotint screen or the aquatint rosin resist, hardens the gelatin in direct proportion to the light penetration through the two sheets. Stage 4 of the photogravure process is to adhere to the exposed gelatin tissue to the polished surface of the copper plate. This is done underwater, where it is squeezed onto the plate, and then the excess water is wiped off. Now the paper backing is removed in hot water and the unexposed soft gelatin is washed away. The more that the gelatin has been exposed to the UV light, the more it will remain on the plate, and so protect it from the acid bath to come. The resistant gelatin is dried and then the edges and back of the plate must be stopped out, which means being given a coat of colored varnish. This will protect the sides and the back of the copper plate from the effect of the acid. Now the plate can be etched in a bath of ferric chloride acid solution, using a scale measured in degrees Baum&#######xE9. The plate is immersed in a series of acid baths starting with the strongest, and then progressing through baths of increasingly weaker acid solutions. The ferric chloride acid solution passes through gelatin image, to eat into the copper plate, producing tiny &#####x201C;wells&#####x201D; of different depths, which will hold ink in varying degrees. The photogravure screen or the aquatint resist, depending and which was used, created a textured &#####x201C;tooth&#####x201D; in the plate, which helps the plate hold ink. These individual &#####x201C;wells of ink&#####x201D; vary in depth, and this feature is a unique characteristic of the photogravure process. Its time now to clean the plate and prepare for printing. There is little difference in practice in printing a photogravure plate, to any other intaglio plate. It is most similar to the aquatint etching printing process. The ink used in photogravure printing is of a stiff oily consistency. This is to ensure that it stays put in the small recesses etched into the copper plate. Using a rubber brayer or alternatively a stiff squeegee, the ink is applied to the entire surface of the plate to be printed. The plate is then wiped to remove the excess ink. This wiping also helps to drive the stiff ink into the deepest crevices in the plate. The final wiping is done using the palm of the hand, in a slight glancing action. Now the polished parts of the plate, which will print as white, have been thoroughly cleaned of ink. The last part of the process is to clean the edges of the plate before it is ready to be placed on the bed of the intaglio press. Prior to printing the plate is covered with a sheet of damp rag-based paper, followed by 3 thin woolen blankets. These woolen blankets help distribute the pressure more evenly, pushing the soft damp paper into the inky hollows in the plate. Finally, the plate is run through the press, and the high pressure forces the dampened paper into the ink-filled wells of the plate. This transfers the ink onto the paper creating the final print. Now the damp print must be gently dried between sheets of blotting paper and placed under weights, which ensures that the print remains flat as it dries. The whole process can be repeated to produce another print or the plate cleaned and stored away for future use. This item is in the category “Art\Art Prints”. The seller is “vintagephotogravure” and is located in this country: FR. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Features: Matted
  • Listed By: Dealer or Reseller
  • Subject: Portrait
  • Size: Medium (up to 36in.)
  • Material: Sepia Toned Photo engraving
  • Print Surface: Paper
  • Date of Creation: 1900-1949
  • Framing: Matted
  • Artist: Edward S. Curtis
  • Year of Production: 1900
  • Original/Licensed Reprint: Original Print
  • Color Type: Black & White
  • Style: Realism
  • Signed: Unsigned
  • Theme: Americana
  • Type: Print

1900/72 Vintage Matted EDWARD CURTIS Native American Indian KWAKIUTL 14X11